Jesus’ Family Tree

Reading the Word

Matthew 1:1–16 (ESV)
1 The book of the genealogy of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham.
2 Abraham was the father of Isaac, and Isaac the father of Jacob, and Jacob the father of Judah and his brothers,
3 and Judah the father of Perez and Zerah by Tamar, and Perez the father of Hezron, and Hezron the father of Ram,
4 and Ram the father of Amminadab, and Amminadab the father of Nahshon, and Nahshon the father of Salmon,
5 and Salmon the father of Boaz by Rahab, and Boaz the father of Obed by Ruth, and Obed the father of Jesse,
6 and Jesse the father of David the king. And David was the father of Solomon by the wife of Uriah,
7 and Solomon the father of Rehoboam, and Rehoboam the father of Abijah, and Abijah the father of Asaph,
8 and Asaph the father of Jehoshaphat, and Jehoshaphat the father of Joram, and Joram the father of Uzziah,
9 and Uzziah the father of Jotham, and Jotham the father of Ahaz, and Ahaz the father of Hezekiah,
10 and Hezekiah the father of Manasseh, and Manasseh the father of Amos, and Amos the father of Josiah,
11 and Josiah the father of Jechoniah and his brothers, at the time of the deportation to Babylon.
12 And after the deportation to Babylon: Jechoniah was the father of Shealtiel, and Shealtiel the father of Zerubbabel,
13 and Zerubbabel the father of Abiud, and Abiud the father of Eliakim, and Eliakim the father of Azor,
14 and Azor the father of Zadok, and Zadok the father of Achim, and Achim the father of Eliud,
15 and Eliud the father of Eleazar, and Eleazar the father of Matthan, and Matthan the father of Jacob,
16 and Jacob the father of Joseph the husband of Mary, of whom Jesus was born, who is called Christ.

Understanding the Word

Many people enjoy tracing their family tree. There are many books and websites dedicated to showing a person how to do it and to aid in uncovering the data. It is fun and interesting to see where our ancestors came from and to consider how we ended up where we are today.

The Gospel of Matthew begins with a family tree for Jesus. The genealogy that we read in Matthew is not just trivial information or there because Matthew thought it was a fun exercise. No, Matthew has an important message connected to Jesus’ family tree. The details are listed in verses 2-16, but the summation is found in the very first verse. Jesus is the Messiah (or Christ), the son of David and the son of Abraham. Jesus is the long-expected Messiah from the line of David and e is the fulfillment of the promises to Abraham. The details are there to prove that this is true.

The people had been waiting for many years for these promises to be fulfilled and now they were. What an amazing time! God was doing great things in the world by sending his Son as Savior. We celebrate his coming every year at Christmas knowing that his arrival changed the world forever and proves that God has a plan for this world and for us.


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